Published at Friday, March 02nd, 2018 - 05:07:45 AM. Aquarium Equipment. By Judith Andrianto.
Hang on back filters (aka HOB or power filters): These are probably the most common filters found on small to medium sized aquariums. This is partially due to their ease of use and their ability to process and clean your tank water very well. Like their name suggests, these filters hang on the back rim of your aquarium glass, and use a pump to pull water into the filtration chamber, forcing the water through mechanical, chemical and biological filter media. Some HOB filters use easy to change cartridges. Although this may make maintenance a bit quicker, I would suggest using a filter that allows you to customize the types of media you use. What I use and recommend is the Hagen Aquaclear filter because you can place bags of whatever type of media you want in the media basket, and you can use much more media than you can with a flimsy cartridge. If you would rather use replacement cartridges I would recommend the Marineland bio wheel filter. The biological media on this filter is built into a wheel that turns as water flows around it. The wheel rotates and exposes itself to both water and air, providing a great environment for beneficial aerobic bacteria to flourish.
The stand: I personally like to build my own stands so I can design the stand however I like. If you do decide to build your own stand, please be sure you build it strong enough and level. Remember that water weighs 8 pounds per gallon, plus the weight of your decor, substrate, and equipment. Its safe to say that an aquarium weighs 10 pounds per gallon in all. So a 50 gallon aquarium will weigh roughly 500 pounds. Larger aquariums over a few hundred gallons may require you to reinforce your floor. Please consult a contractor before installing large aquariums to ensure your floor will hold the weight. If you dont want to build your own stand, ask your local fish store to recommend a stand that is right for your aquarium.
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